Graduated in 1981 from the College of Afro-Asian Studies affiliated to the Moscow State University, Department of Arabic. Ph.D. at the Institute of Philosophy, Centre for Oriental Philosophies, in 1989. The Ph.D. thesis “Philosophy of Ibn `Arabi” is a systematic exposition of Muhyi al-Din Ibn `Arabi's philosophical views. Published in 1993 under the title “The Great Shaykh of Sufism” (in Russian), it is accompanied by the first full Russian translation of Ibn `Arabi's Fusus al-Hikam («Bezels of Wisdom»). Doctor of Sciences at the Institute of Philosophy, Centre for Oriental Philosophies, in 1998, for thesis “Meaning-generating procedures in Medieval Arabic philosophy”, later enlarged and published under the title 'Logic of Sense'. Corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences since May 2006. Current positions: Director, Institute of Philosophy under the Russian Academy of Sciences; Head, Department of Philosophy of Islamic World in the Institute of Philosophy under the Russian Academy of Sciences; Head, Department of Oriental Studies at the Faculty of Philosophy, State Academic University for Humanities.